First. Do you know what incineration is?
Incineration is a “waste treatment technology that utlises the combustion (burning) of organic materials at high temperatures and in a plentiful supply of air. Incineration and other high temperature waste treatment systems are described as “thermal treatment”.
Incineration of waste materials converts the waste into incinerator bottom ash, flue gases, particulates, and heat, which can in turn be used to generate electric power.
How does an incinerator generate electricity?
The heat from the incinerator generates steam in a boiler, and that steam is then fed into a turbine manufacturing as much as a hundred MW of electricity. A high stack, fan, or steam jet supplied from the boiler provides a draft to feed air into the process. The combustion takes place and the flue gases are cleaned of contaminants before they are dispersed in the atmosphere.
Did you also know that?
All waste incinerators in Europe must now be approved to be permitted to operate, and the owner/operator has to get and keep their licence which can be removed at any point by the Environmental Regulator if the flue gasses emitted surpass the authorized levels.
Incineration with energy recovery is an example of many waste-to-energy ( WtE ) technologies like gasification, plasma arc gasification, pyrolysis and anaerobic digestion which are classed as renewable energy helping to reduce climate change. Incineration could also be implemented without energy and materials recovery but this is quite rare in Europe now.
What Will We Do When All the Landfills Get Full?
Well if we do nothing we will suffer from ill health and diseases spread by rotting materials and decay around us once there is nowhere to take the waste.
In numerous areas in many countries the landfill sites are virtually full so that the Council's waste management staff are contemplating beginning a waste management scheme that may include an incinerator.
We must find alternative ways to get rid of our rubbish without using landfill, otherwise diseases from rats and other decay will happen when the waste has to be left lying around.
Secret to What Mechanical Biological Treatment Plants Do?
They help to minimise waste, segregate waste, and treat it to as far as possible avoid sending organic based Municipal Soild Waste to landfills.
The best Mechanical Biological Treatment Plants Do Not burn the waste.
There many new ideas to discover in the new Waste Technologies. Find out more about what Mechanical Biological Treatment Plants are, plus you will learn about many other types of waste technology. These exciting new technologies will help ensure a sustainable future for society, and the health of future generations.